Friday, November 30, 2012
2 packages Quorn Chick’n Tenders
1/4 cup olive oil (I usually use a little more)
2 large onions, chopped
2 red peppers, seeded and chopped
2 tblsp ground cumin (I usually use a little more)
2 tblsp chili powder
2 tblsp jar garlic
2 small cans Hatch green chilis, one spicy and one mild
1 15 oz. can crushed tomatoes
1 32 oz. packages vegetable broth
1 28 oz can hominy
garnish: chopped cilantro, chopped green onions, sour cream
1) Heat oil in a large pot. Saute chick’n tenders, onion, red pepper until tenders are slightly brown.
2) Add cumin, chili powder, garlic, green chilis, and tomatoes. Saute for another couple of minutes.
3) Add vegetable broth, plus 2 cups of water. Simmer for about 20 minutes.
4) Add hominy and continue to cook until warm. Enjoy garnished with cilantro, green onions, and sour cream!
Wednesday, November 28, 2012
If you’d like to learn more about African lions and see the work of two nature photographers who have been documenting lion behavior for over 30 years, check out this week’s report on 60 minutes:
Scientific American. 2012. African Lions Move Closer to U.S. Endangered Species Act Protection. November 27, 2012. Accessed November 28, 2012. http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/extinction-countdown/2012/11/27/african-lions-move-closer-endangered-species-act-protection/
Sunday, November 25, 2012
The saga continues! Last winter, our family attended a stream monitoring session in Accotink creek. After that experience, we decided that we too wanted to volunteer and adopt our own stream. I took the stream monitoring training sponsored by the Northern Virginia Soil and Water Conservation District, and we were assigned a stream in Eudora Park in Fairfax County, VA. Our first stream count was a little disappointing – we only found 21 invertebrates. But hope springs eternal, and we looked forward to the Fall count!
The Fall count happened today, and it was a real bummer. Our stream is not looking good. All we found were 4 fly larvae and one oligochaete worm. In a healthy stream, we should have found at least 200 invertebrates over 3 or 4 samples. We were a little confused, because our stream sits in the center of a beautiful wooded park that’s used by many people for recreation. So what’s going wrong with our stream? We can’t say for sure, but here are a few problems that are common in developed areas such as ours:
1) Erosion – Often, in developed areas, we try to channel water to specific waterways, rather than allowing the water to flow through smaller streams, floodplains, wetlands, or other soil on its way to the larger tributaries. We bury smaller streams to allow development and move the path of the stormwater. Additionally, hard surfaces (roofs, roads, sidewalks) keep the ground from absorbing water. By shunting stormwater to just a few streams, we really increase the speed and power of water as it moves through these streams. If you see a stream bank that looks like this, you’ve got a seriously eroded stream.
2) Pollution and sedimentation – Pollution in streams comes from several sources:
- sedimentation from the erosion (see the picture, above)
- phosphorous and nitrogen from overuse of lawn fertilizers
- oils and other toxins that run directly off roads, roofs, and driveways and into waterways (no slowing down and cleaning through wetlands or other soils)
- large trash carelessly discarded or stuffed down storm drains (see the plastic bags stuck in the tree roots in the photo above)
Our walk back home after our stream monitoring session was a quiet one. Needless to say, we were disappointed and sad to see the condition of our stream. This is a great illustration of why we greenmomsters need to get involved, change the status quo, and protect our children’s environment. Is there hope? Yes! Our local Soil and Water Conservation District is working hard to restore and stabilize eroded stream banks. Additionally, folks are organizing to save the streams that are still healthy. Northern VA was host to such an effort recently when a group of concerned citizens saved “Tyson’s Last Forest” from a popular highway project. It can be done!
We’ll keep you posted regarding our stream (we may be assigned a new stream). See you in the spring!
Friday, November 23, 2012
3 1/2 cups flour
1 tsp salt
2 tsp baking soda
1 tsp ground nutmeg
2 1/2 cups sugar
1 cup melted unsalted butter, cooled to room temperature
4 eggs, beaten
1 cup orange juice
2 cups crushed persimmons (Scoop the fruit out of very ripe persimmons and smash them with a potato masher on a cutting board. If your persimmons are still pretty hard, put them in the freezer for a day or two and then thaw – they’ll be soft and ready to mash)
2 cups walnut pieces
2 cups raisins
1) Grease two loaf pans. Preheat oven to 350.
2) Sift together the first five ingredients in a large bowl
3) Make a well in the center of the dry ingredients and add butter, eggs, orange juice, and persimmons. Stir well.
4) Add in nuts and raisins and stir again.
5) Bake 1 hour, or until a knife inserted in the center comes out clean.
Wednesday, November 21, 2012
- Mountain Gorilla Population Increase – World Wildlife Fund reports that the mountain gorilla population has increased by nearly 100 individuals in the past two years!
- Illegal Logging Decreased in Monarch Wintering Grounds – In August Earth Week reported that, due to increased patrols, aerial patrols showed no loss of forest in the Michoacan butterfly sanctuary this year. This is the first time it’s happened since the sanctuary was established in 2000!
- Red-Cockaded Woodpecker Population Increase – From 1993 to 2006, active clusters have increased from around 4,000 to over 6,000!
- Blue Crab Rebound in the Chesapeake Bay – After a record low crab population count in 2007, the Chesapeake Bay program reported, “Winter estimates place the adult female blue crab population at 97 million, based on a dredge survey taken at almost 1,500 sites throughout the Bay. The survey also measured more juveniles than have been counted in the past two decades.” (Chesapeake Bay Program 2012)
- America’s Largest Marine Sanctuary is Now Even Bigger! In October, NOAA finalized the expansion of the Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary in American Samoa. Now called the National Marine Sanctuary of American Samoa, the protected area is as large as the state of Maryland!
Chesapeake Bay Program. 2012. “Chesapeake Bay News, Six Things the Chesapeake Bay is Thankful For.” Web. Accessed 11/20/2012. http://www.chesapeakebay.net/blog/post/6_things_the_bay_watershed_is_thankful_for_in_2012
Discovery Communications. 2012. “Biggest U.S. Marine Sanctuary Expands: Big Pics.” Web. Accessed 11/20/2012. http://news.discovery.com/earth/us-largest-marine-sanctuary-121120.html
Earth Environmental Service. 2012. “EarthWeek, Diary of a Planet.” Web. Accessed 11/20/2012. http://www.earthweek.com/2012/ew120824/ew120824f.html
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2012. Red-cockaded woodpecker recovery website. Accessed 10/19/2012. http://www.fws.gov/rcwrecovery/.
World Wildlife Fund. 2012. Mountain Gorilla website. Accessed 11/19/2012. http://worldwildlife.org/species/mountain-gorilla
Monday, November 19, 2012
This week, I’m grateful for gorillas and the good news about their protection! The western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla – see photo), is a relatively small gorilla (4-5 1/2 ft tall and up to 440 lbs) that lives in the dense rainforests of Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and the Republic of Congo. The mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) is also a smaller gorilla that lives in mountainous regions with altitudes of 8,000 to 13,000 feet in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, and Rwanda. The mountain gorilla’s fur is thicker than that of its lowland cousin, but both have a primarily herbivorous diet and live in complex social groups. About half of the mountain gorilla population (estimated at about 700 individuals (National Geographic 2012) is found in the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in Uganda.
The western lowland gorilla sub-species is critically endangered. Exact population numbers are not known, because it’s so difficult to get into their habitat. What is known is that the population seems to have decreased by up to 60% in the last 20 to 25 years. Threats to the lowland gorillas include poaching and disease (the Ebola virus). The good news is, as reported by World Wildlife Fund on October 11, the Republic of Congo announced that it will designate over 7 million acres of wetland areas such as marshes, wetland forests, and lakes to protect the western lowland gorilla and other species such as chimpanzees, African elephants, and hippos! This brings the total protected wetlands acreage in the Republic of Congo to 29 million – about the size of Ohio!
The mountain gorilla is also critically endangered, threatened by war, habitat loss, disease, poaching, and charcoal making. But there’s good news here too! The World Wildlife Fund reported on November 13 that “a recent census by the Uganda Wildlife Authority identified 880 mountain gorillas, an increase from the 786 estimated in 2010.” (WWF 2012 Mountain Gorilla).
Why are gorillas worth saving? Well, to start, they’re our distant cousins who use tools and live within complex social structures. If you need an ecological or economic reason, here they are: as stated in Wildlife Heroes (2012), “Due to the large quantities of plant matter they consume, gorillas play an important role in the shaping of plant and forest environments. Tourism to view gorillas in their wild habitat is an important part of the range country economies, bringing millions of dollars each year into Rwanda, Uganda, and Democratic Republic of Congo.”
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National Geographic. 2012. Mountain Gorilla website. Accessed 11/18/2012. http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/mountain-gorilla/
Scardina, J. and J. Flocken. 2012. Wildlife Heroes. Philadelphia PA, Running Press Book Publishers. 264 pp.
World Wildlife Fund. 2012. Western Lowland Gorilla website. Accessed 11/19/2012. http://worldwildlife.org/species/western-lowland-gorilla (photo and text credit)
World Wildlife Fund. 2012. Mountain Gorilla website. Accessed 11/19/2012. http://worldwildlife.org/species/mountain-gorilla
Friday, November 16, 2012
1 cup peanut butter or prepared Thai peanut sauce
1 cup coconut milk
1 cup vegetable broth
chili sauce to taste
red pepper flakes to taste
1 can chickpeas, drained
2 cups or one bag Quorn Chick’n tenders
1 tblsp olive oil
3 cups pre-washed baby spinach
3 cups cooked rice
1) Saute Chick’n tenders in olive oil until slightly browned. Remove from pan.
2) Combine peanut butter/peanut sauce, vegetable broth, chili sauce and red pepper flakes in pan. Simmer until thick and well-blended.
3) Add chickpeas, chick’n tenders, and spinach to the peanut mixture. Warm for 10-15 minutes, stirring occasionally until spinach is cooked. Enjoy over rice!
Tuesday, November 13, 2012
Beginning tomorrow, November 14, at 8pm, the Climate Reality Project will begin a 24 hour presentation on climate change and what the group calls “Dirty Weather.” This live online broadcast will include information about climate change and what we need to do to change the future. As stated by the Climate Reality Project, “this event will put a spotlight on every region of the globe — featuring news, voices, and multimedia content across all 24 time zones. Every hour will be different. You’ll hear from experts, musicians, comedians, and everyday people about the impacts of climate change on their lives and homes.” This 24 hours is going to be a great chance for greenmomsters to learn about the science behind climate change, the impacts of climate change, and what we can do to limit its impacts on our global environment. I hope you’ll be able to join me in watching at least part of this important presentation!
Saturday, November 10, 2012
This week’s endangered species is the pygmy hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis), which is listed as endangered on the IUCN red list. Only a hippo could be considered the “pygmy” of its species at 350-600 lbs! This shy, solitary, nocturnal animal is found in western Africa, where it lives in forests near streams. Similar to the larger hippo, pygmy hippos can shut their eyes and ears underwater, but their feet are not as webbed as their larger cousins. The pygmy hippo is a vegetarian that has a stomach with four chambers to help break down cellulose found in the plants it eats. Here’s an interesting factoid: The pygmy hippo wanders through its range, following well-defined trails, spreading its feces by spinning its tail while defecating. Hippos even have hairs with split ends on their tails to assure maximum “fling” of its feces! Pygmy hippos reach sexual maturity at around 4 to 5 years of age, and gestation lasts about 6 months. The young cannot walk at first, so the mother hides the young in streamside vegetation while she feeds.
The major threat to pygmy hippos is habitat loss due to logging, farming, and other human development, as well as political instability in the region. This fact answers the question, “Why should we care if pygmy hippos are endangered?” Because if they’re declining because of loss of forests and streams, that means every animal, including humans, that depends on forests and streams is also impacted. Forest habitats help to store and clean water, as well as provide homes for many species in the local food chain.
See a baby pygmy hippo take her first swim!
Longing for a little more hippo entertainment? Enjoy!
Lewison, R. & Oliver, W. (IUCN SSC Hippo Specialist Subgroup) 2008. Choeropsis liberiensis. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 10 November 2012.
San Diego Zoo. 2012. Mammals: Pygmy Hippopotomus. http://www.sandiegozoo.org/animalbytes/t-pygmy_hippo.html. Accessed 11/10/2012.
YouTube.com. 2006. Hippo Singing the Lion Sleeps Tonight. www.youtube.com/watch?v=AY2HPvoqSTE. Accessed 11/10/2012.
Friday, November 9, 2012
This week’s recipe is adapted from the November 2012 issue of Martha Stewart Living. I made it for my family this week and it was a big hit! Serve it with some soup and a salad, and you’ve got an easy Friday night meal. Note: I played fast and loose with the ingredient amounts for this recipe and it still turned out very tasty!
salt and pepper to taste
5 or 6 celery stalks, chopped into 1/4 inch pieces
2 cups Yukon Gold potatoes, peeled and cut into 1/2 inch pieces (I used much more)
2 cup sweet potatoes, peeled and cut into 1/2 inch pieces
1/4 cup extra-virgin olive oil, divided
1 onion, chopped
3 apples, cut into 1/2 inch pieces
1/4 cup fresh sage leaves, chopped
1) Bring a medium pot of water to a boil, and generously season with salt. Add celery and simmer for 3 minutes. Add potatoes and sweet potatoes and simmer for an additional 2 or 3 minutes. Take veggies out of the water and cool for about 15 minutes.
2) Heat 2 tablespoons of oil in a skillet and cook onions until almost clear. Add remaining oil, apples and veggies. Season with salt and pepper.
3) Stir the mixture and then press into a single layer with a spatula. Cook for about 2 minutes. Mix and repeat until the vegetables are soft.
4) Remove from heat, stir in sage, and enjoy!
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Wednesday, November 7, 2012
So why are the monarch butterflies cooler than the British monarchs? Now don’t get me wrong, I love those Brits (I bought scones and woke up before dawn to watch both royal weddings), but I think the monarch butterflies are even cooler than William, Kate, and the fun-loving Prince Harry. Here’s why:
- One monarch butterfly can fly the entire distance from Canada to its wintering grounds in Mexico – no map needed.
- When it’s time for a caterpillar to become an adult butterfly, it surrounds itself in a chrysalis, totally liquifies, and comes out a “beautiful butterfly” (to quote Heimlich from A Bugs Life (image from allmoviephoto.com). I don’t know too many people, royals or not, who can successfully liquify themselves with no ill effects.
- Monarch butterflies eat cardiac glycosides (poison to many animals) while they’re caterpillars, making the butterflies’ bodies poisonous to predators.
- Monarch butterflies complete a transcontinental migration annually using 3 to 5 generations of butterflies!
- The monarch butterfly has its own IMAX 3-D movie: The Flight of the Butterflies! I just saw this movie with my kids. It’s no Transformers (it’s a very calm movie), but the story of the butterfly migration and the scientists who studied it is an inspiring one. Check out the trailer --
Sunday, November 4, 2012
It’s one of the most beautiful times of year – the leaves are turning spectacular colors (especially if you live in New England) and there’s a little chill in the air. So the environmental science question of the day is one that you might know the answer to, or maybe your kids asked you and you didn’t know the answer: Why do the leaves change color in the fall? If you’d like to give a better answer than, “the trees are going to sleep for the winter,” it’s pretty simple if you remember a few little facts.
- Leaves, like all living matter, are made up of cells. Cells are made of molecules.
- Inside of the cells of leaves are pigment molecules that capture light energy to turn into food for the tree.
- Different pigments capture different wavelengths of light.
- The pigment molecule that gives trees their green color is called “chlorophyll.” But there are other pigment molecules helping to trap other wavelengths of light – we just don’t see them, because they’re dominated by chlorophyll.
- Trees have to actively produce chlorophyll throughout the growing season; this production takes energy.
- As day length decreases in the fall, trees stop making chlorophyll (it’s kind of the tree’s own cost/benefit analysis). The molecule breaks down and the other pigments that have been in the leaves all along become visible!
Want a more detailed explanation of our fall foliage fireworks? Check out this great U.S. Forest Service website!
Friday, November 2, 2012
This week, I’m linking you to a recipe that I’d really like to try – Fall Vegetable Curry from myrecipes.com (photo from the website – doesn’t that look good?). Once you’ve given it a try, please let us know how it is on facebook!
Thursday, November 1, 2012
You keep hearing about climate change, but you don’t know what to think. All these “hundred year storms” – what’s the cause? Is climate change actually happening? Is it man-made or naturally-caused? Are the estimates correct?
Well, you know my answer to those questions, but maybe you’d like to dive into the science. Here’s your chance to take a short course on the science of climate change. The National Environmental Education Foundation (NEEF) and the American Meteorological Society (AMS) have produced a series of courses on climate change. The first course is longer and gives you a great overview of the entire issue. After that, you can view 3 different, 15-minute modules on climate change and sea level rise, climate change and extreme weather, and climate change and regional impacts. These courses are very thorough! Go to EarthGauge for more information.
Greenmomsters, you owe it to your kids to get up-to-speed on this scientific information. Learn the science; spring into action!